Here, we will introduce some basic information about the operating table so that you can get an overview and general knowledge about the operating table and operating table. Information is updated from the technical department of LAVICHEM Co., Ltd – The exclusive distributor of Mediland brand operating table products in Vietnam market. 


The operating table is the table on which the patient lies during surgery. Sometimes called the operating table or operating table. Operating tables are commonly used in operating rooms or operating rooms of hospitals, ambulatory surgery centers, or other healthcare facilities where surgeries are performed. The operating table can be fixed or movable to move from room to room. The operating table is used in many different types of procedures such as cardiovascular, orthopedic, orthopedic surgery, robotic surgery, urology, etc.


The use of the operating table depends on its design and specifications. For example, some operating tables are designed to perform a wide range of procedures while others are specifically designed for orthopedic procedures. A patient lies on the operating table during surgery. The purpose of the operating table is to hold the patient in place while the surgical team is active and to be able to move different parts of the body using the operating table accessories to access the area to be operated on. art easier.

Countless procedures are performed on operating tables. These include cardiovascular, gynecological, pediatric, orthopedic, and pediatric surgery. Because of the variety of procedures and types of operating tables, weight and height restrictions are in place to keep the patient safe during surgery.

Operating table C600


There are three main types of operating tables: general operating tables, orthopedic operating tables, and radiographic operating tables.

The operating table is generally used in many surgical procedures such as cardiology, pediatrics, gynecology, gallbladder and plastic surgery. The general operating table does not have a single specialty. Instead, it is designed for flexibility and adaptability across a wide range of tricks. The general operating table can be adjusted in height and length, can be tilted to the sides, tilted horizontally. On most conventional boards, the headrest is removable and there can be multiple attachable headrests.

The second type of operating table, the orthopedic table, is designed for the ease of handling and mobility required in orthopedic surgeries. To successfully perform an orthopedic surgery, the surgeon needs precise control and flexibility while maneuvering the patient. The orthopedic operating table ensures this very well and ensures the flexibility of movement.

The third type of operating table is the radiolucent operating table. This type of table is designed for minimally invasive procedures requiring fluoroscopy. Some of these procedures may be endovascular, vascular, or analgesia. The high-quality X-ray operating table is ideal for procedures that require clear, quality images.


While there is no such thing as a perfect operating table , choosing the right operating table for each surgical procedure is important to ensure patient safety and successful outcomes in the operating room. The decision to use one operating table over another depends on the patient’s risk factors, localization, type of procedure, and duration of the procedure. Some of the features of a good operating table include versatility, ease of use, reliability, weight restrictions and generous height and accessory capabilities.


Surgical procedures require proper patient posture to keep the patient comfortable and safe during surgery, and to provide the surgeon with easy, unobstructed access to the area to be operated on. Many factors influence the decision on how to position the patient during the procedure:

  • General condition of the patient
  • Time of the trick
  • Techniques used in the process
  • Necessary exposure at the site of operation
  • Expected anatomical and physiological changes associated with anesthesia

Furthermore, there are various risk factors that can lead to a patient’s vulnerability to injury from improper positioning, such as:

  • The procedure takes a long time (more than 3 hours)
  • Bone and joint condition
  • Deterioration of skin due to aging
  • Malnutrition, hypovolemia, anemia, paralysis, obesity, extreme thinness or diabetes

The most common surgical positions are supine, Trendelenburg, inverted Trendelenburg, prone, lithotripsy, sitting and supine positions.

  • Supine: This position, which is the body’s natural position at rest, is the most common position in surgery. Common complications associated with the supine position are back pain and reflex reflexes.
  • Trendelenburg: Trendelenburg is a variation of the supine position. The upper body lowers and elevates the foot, allowing optimal visualization of the pelvic organs during laparoscopy and lower abdominal procedures.
  • Inverted Trendelenburg: Often referred to as the head-up and foot-down position, the inverted Trendelenburg is commonly used in head and neck procedures.
  • prone: In this position, the patient lies on his or her stomach with the head turned to one side. This position is commonly used for cervical, back, and anorectal procedures.
  • Lithomy: In this position, the patient is in a supine position, legs raised and immobilized. This position requires handles.
  • Sitting: Also known as the Fowler position, the patient in this position is sitting at a 90-degree angle. Bend your knees slightly and place your feet on the padded footboard. This position is ideal for neurosurgery, facial surgery, and some shoulder surgeries.
  • Tilt: This position accommodates procedures performed on the hip, chest, or kidney.

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