Medical operating room equipment is the equipment for surgery and patient anatomy. According to the development trend, the equipment in the operating room is more and more standard and fully equipped. Operating room equipment plays an important role in the success of the operation. Currently, when science develops, the operating room equipment is equipped with outstanding high-tech features, serving many complex operations with high precision, meticulousness, and very high application. Please see the list of standard operating room equipment below. 


The operating room is designed for surgeons and surgical staff to perform surgical procedures that require time, patience, focus and safety. Various equipment is required for use in the operating room.

Mediland surgical lamp – Sunled 

1. Surgical lamp

High-quality surgical lights are essential for performing complex procedures in the operating room. Surgical lights are designed to provide bright white light to illuminate the surgical area and eliminate ghosting, while keeping surgical staff cool. LED or halogen lamps are two types of surgical lights. Surgical lighting is transitioning from incandescent to LED technology due to the many benefits of LEDs: providing white light, less heat in the surgical area, more accurate color rendering, and improved visibility. shadow control.

2. Operating table

The operating table is essential for any operating room. A patient lies on the operating table during surgery. The purpose of the table is to hold the patient in place while the surgical team operates and can support the moving parts of the patient’s body using the accessories of the operating table. General operating tables are designed to perform a wide range of procedures while others are designed for specific procedures, such as orthopedic tables.

3. Suspension system or equipment management system (EMS)

Suspension systems or equipment management systems are designed to immobilize power lines to reduce tripping hazards for personnel. By eliminating clutter from different cords, it increases the working space in the operating room. The suspension also provides room for different devices and allows that device to be positioned to best meet the needs of the patient and surgical team. The arm hangs from the ceiling and moves easily throughout the operating room. Suspension systems come in a variety of designs. The design chosen by the establishment may depend on space requirements.

4. Surgical screen

Minimally invasive surgery requires the surgeon and surgical team members to visualize complex patient anatomy on a surgical screen. They also provide a visual representation of the process to all team members. Surgical monitors, including wall-mounted and large-format displays, attach to surgical light arms, equipment poles, or walls and are used for a sharp, close-up display of the surgical area. Newer surgical monitors can provide high resolution or 4K images.

5. System integrated in the operating room

Connect photos and videos in the operating room to improve workflow and guide training. By allowing equipment in the operating room to communicate with each other through technology, the integrated system allows operating room staff to coordinate and collaborate in real time. In addition, the integrated system allows remote control of multiple devices and can reduce traffic near the surgical area. In-room traffic can be further reduced as the integration allows those who may enter the operating room to view and communicate remotely. This reduction in flow can reduce the risk of operating room infections.

6. Incubator

Incubators, also known as warming cabinets, are used to store and warm liquids, sheets, and blankets. Keeping fluids and linens warm for the patient to use reduces the risk of hypothermia. Maintaining a normal body temperature during surgery can be challenging. This technology not only provides comfort, but also aids in maintaining a normal body temperature. Normal body temperature is associated with improved patient outcomes. Blanket warmers can have one, two or three compartments and can be mobile or fixed.

7. Sink

Instrumental washbasins of hands and forearms prior to procedures are important to prevent infection in the surgical setting. The sink is used by staff to “clean” before surgery. Hand washing remains one of the most important ways to prevent the transmission of bacteria. The sink provides automatic hand hygiene, thereby reducing the risk of contamination during hand washing.

Nurse document desk used by surgical nurses. Documenting appropriate medical information related to surgery is critical to keeping a patient’s medical record up-to-date and accurate, allowing care providers access to the information. of the patient. These stations can accommodate electronic equipment and provide a desk for reporting and charting purposes. Nurse document desks provide the convenience and organizational tools nurses need to effectively manage patient information.


The history of operating room equipment is extensive and varies depending on the type of equipment. Some of the earliest operating theatres, also known as “operation theatres”, were in use in the early 1800s. Surgery was performed during the day because there was no electricity. In addition, candles are often used for additional lighting.

In the United States, aseptic technique was not used until the 1890s, and surgeons only washed their hands after surgery.

In the 1900s, sterilizing or preventing bacteria from entering a wound or sterile device became common practice. Operating equipment can be sterilized by boiling, using autoclaves and chemical disinfectants. The doctors began to wear white coats, and the bed and operating table were covered with clean towels.


The choice of medical equipment for the operating room depends on the facility and the needs of the patient. For example, highly complex operating rooms may require a sophisticated, advanced integrated system. Small Emergency Surgery Centers may have smaller budgets, which may influence their purchasing decisions. Regardless of the facility or intended use, each piece of equipment serves its own important purpose in the operating room:

  • Surgical lights are used to illuminate the surgical area
  • The operating table is used to keep the patient lying down during surgery and can be adjusted depending on the procedure
  • The suspension system hides wires attached to various equipment sections in the operating room to reduce the risk of tripping. They can accommodate devices that make them portable and can be positioned in various locations around the room
  • The surgical monitor is used to show a detailed view of the surgical site for a clear image
  • An integrated operating room system that allows surgical staff to coordinate and collaborate on medical decisions through video and image connectivity
  • Incubators are used to store and warm intravenous (IV) fluids, linens, and blankets
  • Sinks are used by surgical staff to “clean” before surgery, reducing the risk of infection.

Nurse document stations are used to house electronic equipment and provide a desk for charting and reporting purposes.

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