Care for open wounds, treatment steps
For open wounds that are small, shallow, and mild, we can self-treat at home without having to go to medical facilities for treatment. However, you still have to make sure to follow the steps below to help the open wound heal quickly:
Step 1: The first thing when handling and taking care of an open wound is to stop bleeding, you can use a clean towel / paper to press on the wound to help speed up the clotting process.
Step 2: Use antiseptic solutions or physiological saline / clean water to wash the mouth of the wound, helping to remove all foreign bodies and bacteria. With wounds that have a large area or contain complex foreign bodies such as glass, foreign objects, it is necessary to immediately go to the nearest medical facility for the best intervention from doctors.
Step 3: After cleaning the wound, you can use some more ointments / antibiotics to apply on the wound, speeding up the healing process as well as helping to prevent infection. .
Step 4: For wounds that are not large-shallow, waterproof medical gauze can be used to bandage and protect and care for open wounds. Note when dressing, it is necessary to cover the mouth to prevent the wound from re-infection. Do not bandage the wound too tightly, but still make sure that the wound is covered.
Step 5: It is necessary to continuously monitor the mouth of the wound, check for signs of infection (if any) and change the dressing at least once a day. When changing the dressing, it is necessary to clean the wound as before and apply medicine. If the wound is more severe, it is necessary to go to a medical facility for timely examination and treatment.
Care for open wounds, what to eat to heal quickly?
During the healing process of open wounds, we need to supplement with adequate nutrition from the inside, helping to stimulate the rapid production of new cells to heal the open wound quickly. People with open wounds should add some of the following foods to their daily meals:
- Foods that contain a lot of protein such as: meat, fish, eggs, … or legumes, nuts are the raw materials to help regenerate and produce new cells. Ensure adequate protein for each meal is at least 20g – 30g for main meals and from 10g – 15g for snacks.
- Vitamin C found in fruits such as oranges, lemons, limes, tangerines, grapefruits, … has the effect of enhancing resistance, helping to reduce the possibility of infection or festering of open wounds.
- Enhance the addition of foods containing vitamins A, E, B to create new tissues to help wounds heal quickly.
- Need to provide enough water for the body at least 1.5l / day every day. You can combine the use of low-sugar drinks such as tea, milk, pure fruit juice.
- The amount of zinc and selenium found in fish, eggs, clams, eggs, oysters, cereals, liver … can also help reduce the possibility of bacterial infection, helping open wounds heal faster.
Blood in the body has the function of transporting proteins, substances, minerals, oxygen to the wound, carrying white blood cells to destroy bacteria and cleaning up bacteria as well as dead cells. . At the same time, it is possible to speed up the process of hematopoiesis by adding iron-rich foods such as liver, milk or dark green vegetables.
On the contrary, when taking care of an open wound, there are some foods that should not be eaten, because it will adversely affect the healing process of the open wound. Items such as chicken, sticky rice, … can cause itching, festering when the wound is in the stage of developing young skin. Especially if using beef, water spinach while the body has open wounds, it will be easy to form dark scars and keloids.
Tips for taking care of open wounds to heal at home
To care for an open wound that heals quickly, in addition to using antibiotics, it can be combined with natural ingredients that are easy to find at home such as:
- Aloe Vera
The mucus contained inside aloe vera is rich in vitamins and minerals that can speed up the healing process of open wounds.
Aloe vera also contains many substances called Glucomannan – an important ingredient to help regenerate cells and produce more collagen. Aloe vera is very gentle and benign, so you can use the white part of aloe vera to apply it directly on open wounds without worrying about irritation.
- Apple Cider Vinegar
If you have too many open wounds on your body, you can use diluted apple cider vinegar to bathe. This will help prevent the risk of wound infection and control the spread of bacteria. Apple cider vinegar also helps open wounds to dry faster.
- Tea tree
oil Tea tree oil will work to reduce inflammation and effectively relieve pain for open wounds. This is also used as a solution to disinfect wounds. Melaleuca oil is also very benign, so it can be used directly on open wounds.